If we want to save energy and create a home that is less harmful to the environment, we should discover how solar panels work. How is your technology activated? Let's learn more about its advantages and the different products that can be purchased in the market.

How do solar panels work?

Although it was previously considered a very advanced technology, it is being adopted by more homes every day. Basically, a solar panel contains photovoltaic cells that convert sunlight into electricity, through a process that is understood as follows:

Harvest. The sun's rays come into contact with the solar panels. These are usually installed in the open field or on the roofs of homes, with the aim of absorbing as much sunlight as possible.

Conversion. Now, we must understand that solar panels have photovoltaic (PV) cells, which are responsible for converting sunlight into direct current (DC) electricity as long as there is light throughout the day. This is achieved when the photons move the electrons from that section where there is an excess of negative charge to the section where they are lacking.

Storage. Subsequently, the direct current is stored in the batteries included in the solar panel and it is there that it is converted into alternating current (AC) electricity, which will transit through the voltage inverters in our home. In this way, we can use it.

Where should I install them?

In any open area that receives a lot of sunlight during the day. This is the reason why so many houses with solar panels are in desert or tropical areas, where sunlight is more powerful.

However, we must be clear that solar panels can be used throughout the year on days when sunlight is obtained.

So depending on how solar panels work, which ones could we use at home? We will see that there are different types of solar panels, different both in size and number of cells and conversion and storage capacity.

6 solar panels for the house

Seeking to reduce energy consumption and join the trend of houses with solar panels, let's read about some of the most popular solar panel models for houses on the market.

1. Two solar panels for the roof

Let's take advantage of the 100% renewable energy of the sun after installing these 2 ERA Helios 2 solar panels, each with the capacity to generate 270 W. Not only do they offer a useful life of 25 years, but they will also be able to generate (in other words, save us) up to 142 kilowatts (kWh) per bimonthly period.

This would certainly reflect beneficially on our electricity bill, but it will also mean leading a greener lifestyle

Of course, we will need a lot of space to install it, since it measures 107 cm long and 214 cm wide. In case the surface of our roof is not homogeneous, we can always place both panels in the patio or garden.

2. Higher capacity in black

Similar in size, but with greater capacity. This Tier 1 solar panel has a maximum power of 445 W and remarkable resistance.

Due to this, its installation is recommended in areas with a lot of suns, but if these are deserts or with adverse climatic conditions, we will have the peace of mind of having purchased a high-quality product that can be used without problems.

That said, let's not stop being aware of the 72 cells (monocrystalline module) of this solar panel, making sure that they all offer the best performance.

3. A water heater

Now let's talk about a different way to save! If we consider an OptimusEcosun solar heater, we would enjoy hot water knowing that it is generated, in part, by the conversion of solar energy into thermal energy.

It is worth mentioning that the solar heater is medium-sized since it has a capacity of 9.2 L. Of course, each of the owners of houses with solar panels must find a way to shelter the tank, either under a sheet or in a small room, seeking to protect it from rain or weather conditions that may affect it.

4. Solar panel for camera

Just like it sounds: this tiny Ring solar panel was designed to power both the Spotlight and Stick Up cameras, all day and night, since it's a surveillance camera.

Due to the special position in which the surveillance cameras are installed, it will be necessary to take care that the sun concentrates in sufficient quantities to charge the panel; In other words, ensure that the camera does not face west (because it would receive less sun during the day).

5. A high-capacity solar panel

If we are looking for great power, we will find it in this 540 W solar panel. This is one of the largest home solar panels since it has 144 cells (double that of one of the options we read about previously), and, of course, In fact, it weighs 27 kg, a reason that makes a resistant surface to accommodate it all the more essential.

Using a solar panel like this, we could directly power the refrigerator for a few days, or in any case, distribute the generated charge among our other appliances.


6. Anti-glare system

Another constant concern is the generation of too much glare or dazzling reflections after installing solar panels in our homes. Seeking to solve this problem, the Tier 1 solar panel gives us an anti-reflection system, which will not affect the excellent savings of 495 W that it will give us.

That being said, let's go back to the circumstances of our area; If it's not as sunny as it should be, this panel also offers a solution, prioritizing low-light performance and making sure your cell temperatures don't rise outside of set parameters.

Thanks to this panel, we would be able to supply the energy consumption of a desktop computer, so in the long term, it can mean significant savings on the electricity bill.

Variety of solar panels for home and their benefits

How to join the change then? Since we already have a broader picture of the energy savings generated by the panels, it is time to evaluate which one would suit us best. This should take into account the budget, a prior analysis of what we pay in the monthly electricity bill, and which appliances consume the most energy, in addition to, of course, our preferences.

Apart from that, we have to spend some time delimiting the area in which the solar panel will be installed, trying to clear it a couple of days before, sweeping, Shak, ing and even repairing possible imperfections that we find on the surface; all with the purpose of optimizing the installation process and eliminating beforehand obstacles that may affect the process.

Of course, it is also convenient to get in touch with a guide or consultant in advance, so that they can also guide us during the process of choosing the best solar panel according to our needs, evaluate the feasibility of the installation areas, and so that they explain more about how solar panels work and the benefits they can bring to the home.